Kashmir, since the partition of the sub-continent has remained a disputed territory between the nations of Pakistan and India with India claiming its rights on the territory and similarly Pakistan claiming its own rights. The partition of 1947 had Lord Mountbatten draw boundaries of the newly birthed states of Pakistan and India during which a hiccup occurred causing the Kashmiri people to vote on behalf of staying independent but the Maharaja Hari Singh signing a contract with India since then the area has disputed with India fighting for its own claim on the territory and Pakistan struggling for the independence of Kashmir which remains a presidency of Pakistan. (Abdulla Al Mahmud, 2020) (Hwang, 2019)  


LoC and its Violations

Pakistan and India briefly fought over control of Kashmir during the period from 1947 to 1948 and eventually agreeing upon a ceasefire in 1949 quarrels and diplomacy has been rampant since with another two major conflicts of 1965 and 1972 resulting in major casualties. After a brief break an agreement was signed on 3rd of July, 1972 in the city of Simla establishing the Line of Control (LOC) which acts as a de facto border in Kashmir between India and Pakistan. The LOC has long since been the target of violations from India with constant firing and bombardment of Pakistani posts, the international countries of United Nations have persisted on peace but has since seen no visible outcome except failed negotiations and disrupted diplomacy (Moten, 2019) (Bhat, 2020)

Although major conflicts have seen the soil of Kashmir numerous times but one occurred on 14th of February, 2019 that has escalated into disrupted diplomacy and noticeable after effects with the bomb blast from a car filled with 660lbs or 350kg of high explosives clashing into a convoy of 70 vehicles carrying over 2500 paramillitary Indian troops to Jammu resulting in the deaths of 40 troops. 


With India blasting its blame on Jaish-e-Mohammad Pakistan had maintained a silence only condemning what has happened until the major Indian violation of LoC by Indian Jets dropping a loaded fuel tank in the forests of Balakot missing their target of the so claimed base of Jaish e Mohammad in Balakot which followed by quick interception of Indian jets by Pakistani intercepting jets downing 1 jets and the capture of the Indian pilot Abhinandan Virthaman. Pakistan’s Prime Minister Imran Khan has applauded the Pakistan Air Force and confessed to the provision of safe return of the captured Indian Pilot.


Reports of an accompanying Israeli jet also surfaced but were never confirmed by competant authorities hence the report is rendered moot. 

The recent lockdown in Indian occupied Jammu and Kashmir has seen an aggressive response from humanitarian establishments and activists and governments alike with the Indian government imposing a curfew in IOJ&K with suspended internet services and no way of the Kashmiri people to deliver their voice to the outside world, Pakistan has condemned the acts of Indian authorities in IOJ&K with hopes for the betterment of the region, the curfew has seen leaked footages of cruelty of security forces in the region. (Moten, 2019) (Saikumar, 2019)

Health crisis in Kashmir has resulted in numerous casualties and pre-existing land reform imposed the dueling nations have left Kashmiris in a hiccup with where to move (Majid, Ali, Abbas, & Kousar, 2019).

Pakistan’s Stance on Ladakh

During the past days Chinese forces have set-up camp in the Indian region of Ladakh, Galwan Valley, the sole purpose for the invasion in Ladakh was territory disputes with India claiming the are of Ladakh for itself while China claiming that it belongs to the Aksai Chin region there is also a Line of Actual control (LAC) just like the LoC with Pakistan in IOJ&K. (Saikumar, 2019)

A map showing a region disputed between China and India

Chinese forces has been seen recently removing tents and carrying personnel back to base in their region with the initiation of the so-called Corps Commander level meeting which was initiated between Chinese and Indian high command, Indian news outlets reports gradual movement towards peace.

India was seen protesting the Chinese invasion with boycotts and very ironically the boycott caps being wore by Indian populus were observed to be “Made In China”.

Pakistan has remained silent on the situation with no major statements from the government outlets or the military outlets, Pakistan has maintained a status quo with China in terms of military engagement but trade goes on without halt.

The invasion of Ladakh comes with a deserving message for the Indian authorities as to how they would feel when their abode is under threat while IOJ&K remains under a strict curfew along the restrictions imposed by the outbreak of COVID-19

Analysis Finale 

From the fight for independence in 1857 to the intercessions between 1932-1947 Kashmir has remained a leverage tool for both the nations to exert pressure on the another and now with Chinese involvement although the Chinese has always claimed the area of Ladakh as its own under the Aksai Chin region has entered the geopolitics of Kashmir. After the Simla Conference and the stretching of the LoC, India has been seen initiating violations of the treaty and with both the nations being noticeable atomic powers any escalations could bear devastating results for the entire world, the dispute of Kashmir is an overdue super volcano that has no exact measurement as when it will explode the only possible treatment of this disease is the diplomatic engagement between the three nations of considerable power. 



Pakistan remains strong on its motive to make Kashmir a self-dependent nation which can provide for itself but the current situations and that of the past alike since the root of this issue began in 1932 seems rampant and active, Kashmir is a gold mine for the three nations as it the root of glaciers and pure water and the source of rivers of the two nations. Geo politics have remained since the dawn of time and Kashmir is not an exception. (Bhat, 2020) (Abdulla Al Mahmud, 2020)

BUALinks stands for Bain Ul Aqwami Links which means International Relations. BUALinks is an attempt to put forward Pakistan’s point of view on its geographical politics.

By BUADesk

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